Knowing Different Fire Sprinkler Systems and Their Significance

Updated: Oct 20, 2020

Losses due to uncertainties like sudden fire, hurricane, or earthquake etc. are unpredictable and we have negligible control over them. However, valuable property damage or life loss may be difficult to cover later. All we can do is reduce the risk by taking precautionary measures on time. In the case of a fire outbreak, carefully taken prior steps can save you from various devastating consequences. Commercial buildings like businesses complexes, industrial warehouses, malls, educational institutions, hospitals and apartments remain prone to fire outbreak because of multiple reasons such as:-

  • Flammable liquids and gases

  • Hot welding and cutting tasks

  • Combustible dust

  • Short circuits

In order to get fire protection services in Texas, you need the assistance of a fire sprinkler contractor in Austin. Normal fire extinguishers are not enough to give assurance of fire safety. You need to install a feasible sprinkler system that works efficiently in emergency situations. According to the building type and geographical conditions, we recommend four different types of sprinklers that are elaborated below.

Types of fire sprinklers

Pre-action sprinkler

Pre-action fire sprinklers are suitable for the locations where we have assets prone to damage by water such as libraries, museums and electronics showrooms. In this system, water is held back by a pre-action valve rather than storing it in the pipes. Valves are activated by the sensors of heat or smoke. When the pre-action valves open, water fills into the sprinkler pipes. In order to release water, each sprinkler head must be activated individually.

Wet pipe sprinkler

As the name is illustrating, wet pipe sprinklers constantly contain water in the pipes. These sprinklers are needed in the buildings where a quick reaction is necessary. You don't need to release multiple triggers for activating the system. Water pressure and its volume are adequately maintained in the wet sprinklers. Industrial buildings, warehouses and office complexes need this fire safety system.

Dry pipe sprinkler

If the building is maintained with freezing temperature, you need dry pipe sprinklers to prevent fire outbreak. Its mechanism is similar to the preaction sprinkler that allows water after the activation of triggers at a particular location. Water freezing inside the pipes is a big issue in low-temperature buildings. Therefore air or liquid nitrogen is filled in the pipes. As the heat sensor activates the sprinkler, pressure decreases by releasing the compressed air or nitrogen gas. Consequently, the valve allows water to flow through sprinklers.

Deluge sprinkler

Instead of pressurized air or nitrogen gas, this fire sprinkler system has unpressurized open sprinkler heads. Pipes remain dry but directly connected to the water supply system. As the sensor detects heat or smoke, it releases water through all sprinkler heads. There is no issue of freezing water in the pipes with this system. The Deluge system is meant for quick response throughout the entire building rather than activating every single sprinkler individually.

All these sprinkler systems are designed to respond automatically whenever the sensor detects smoke or flame. The way you need a response in an emergency decides the type of sprinkler. At Assurance Fire Sprinklers, we will guide you with the most appropriate Fire Alarm Installation and sprinkler system according to your building requirement.

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